University of Florida

Tropical Soda Apple: Publications

  • Journal articles

    Diaz, R., V. Manrique, K. Hibbard, A. Fox, A. Roda, D. Gandolfo, F. Mckay, J. Medal, S. Hight and W. A. Overholt. 2014. Successful biological control of tropical soda apple (Solanales: Solanaceae) in Florida: a review of key program components. Florida Entomologist 97:179-190.

    Diaz, R., O. Menocal, C. Montemayor and W. A. Overholt 2013. Biology and Host Specificity of Anthonomus tenebrosus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): A Herbivore of Tropical Soda Apple. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 106: 491-502.

    Diaz, R, K. Hibbard, A. Samayoa and W. A. Overholt. 2012. Arthropod community associated with tropical soda apple and natural enemies of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 95: 228-232.

    Diaz, R., V. Manrique, Z. He, and W. A. Overholt. 2012. Effect of elevated CO2 on tropical soda apple and its biological control agent Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 22(7): 763-776.

    Mukherjee, A., R. Diaz, M. Thom, W. A. Overholt and J. P. Cuda. 2012. Niche based prediction of establishment of biocontrol agents: an example with Gratiana boliviana and tropical soda apple. Biocontrol Science and Technology 22(4): 447-461.

    Manrique, V., R. Diaz, and W. A. Overholt. 2012. Temperature-dependent development, diapause and cold tolerance of Gratiana graminea (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a potential biological control agent of Solanum viarum in Florida. BioControl 57(4): 581-589.

    Diaz, R., W. A. Overholt, D. Hahn and A. C. Samayoa. 2011. Diapause induction in Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of tropical soda apple in Florida. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 104:1319-1326.

    Manrique, V., Diaz, R., Hight, S. D. and W. A. Overholt. 2011. Evaluation of mortality factors using life table analysis of Gratiana boliviana, a biological control agent of tropical soda apple in Florida. Biological Control 59: 354-360.

    Diaz, R., C. Aguirre, G. Wheeler, S. Lapointe, E. Rosskopf and W. A. Overholt. 2011. Differential performance of tropical soda apple and its biological control agent Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in open and shaded habitats. Environmental Entomology 40: 1437-1447.

    Medal, J., N. Bustamante, E. Bredow, H. Pedrosa, W. Overholt, R. Díaz and J. Cuda. 2011. Host Specificity of Anthonomus tenebrosus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), A potential biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanaceae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 94: 214-225.

    Medal, J., N. Bustamante, W. Overholt, R. Diaz, P. Stansly, A. Roda, D. Amalin, K. Hibbard, R. Gaskalla, B. Sellers, S. Hight, and J. Cuda. 2010. Biological control of tropical soda apple (Solanaceae) in Florida: Post-release evaluation. Florida Entomologist 93: 130-132.

    Medal, J., N. Bustamante, M. Vitorino, L. Beal, W. Overholt, R. Diaz and J. Cuda. 2010. Host specificity tests of Gratiana graminea (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a potential biological control agent of tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum (Solanaceae). Florida Entomologist 93: 231-242.

    Overholt, W.A., R. Diaz, L. Markle, and J.C. Medal. 2010. The effect of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) herbivory on growth and population density of tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) in Florida. Biocontrol Science and Technology 20: 791-807.

    Reddy, R., V. Manrique, R. Diaz, and W.A. Overholt. 2010. Diapause termination of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) using a juvenile hormone analog, and implications for biological control of tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum, Solanaceae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 20: 997-2000.

    Overholt, W.A., L. Markle, E. Rosskopf, V. Manrique, J. Albano, E. Cave, and S. Adkins. 2009. The interactions of tropical soda apple mosaic tobamovirus and Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), an introduced biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum). Biological Control 48: 294-300.

    Overholt, W.A., R. Diaz, K. Hibbard, A. Roda, D. Amalin, A. Fox, S. Hight, J. Medal, P. Stansly, B. Carlisle, J. Walter, P. Hogue, L. Gary, L. Wiggins, C. Kirby, and S. Crawford. 2009. Releases, distribution and abundance of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum, Solanaceae) in Florida. Florida Entomologist 92: 450-457.

    Diaz R., W.A. Overholt, and K. Langeland. 2008. Jamaican nightshade (Solanum jamaicense): A threat to Florida’s hammocks. Invasive Plant Science and Management 1: 422-425.

    Diaz R., A.C. Samayoa, W.A. Overholt, and A. Pitty. 2008. Solanum viarum Dunal (Solanaceae), primer reporte para Honduras. Ceiba 49: 133-134.

    Diaz R., W. A. Overholt, A. Samayoa, F. Sosa, D. Cordeau, and J. Medal. 2008. Temperature-dependent development, cold tolerance, and potential distribution of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum (Solanaceae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 18: 193-207.

    Overholt, W.A., R. Diaz, L. Markle, and J. Medal. 2008. Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) does not feed on Jamaican nightshade Solanum jamaicense (Solanaceae). Florida Entomologist 91: 121-123.

    Extension publications

    Diaz, R. and W. A. Overholt. 2013. Tropical soda apple leaf beetle. In Featured Creatures: http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/beneficial/beetles/Gratiana_boliviana.htm

    Markle, L., W.A. Overholt, and K.A. Langeland. 2008. Natural area weeds: Invasive Solanum spp. in Florida. University of Florida/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. EDIS publication AG318. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in530.

    Medal, J.C., D. Gandolfo, W. Overholt, P. Stansly, A. Roda, L. Osborne, K. Hibbard, R. Gaskalla, E. Burns, J. Chong, B. Sellers, S. Hight, and J.P. Cuda. 2007. Biology of Gratiana boliviana, the first biocontrol agent released to control tropical soda apple in the USA. University of Florida/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. EDIS publication ENY-826/IN487. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in487.

    Medal, J., W. Overholt, P. Stansly, L. Osborne, A. Roda, J. Chong, R. Gaskalla, E. Burns, K. Hibbard, B. Sellers, K. Gioeli, S. Munyan, D. Gandolfo, S. Hight, and J. Cuda. 2006. Classical biological control of tropical soda apple in the USA. University of Florida/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. EDIS publication EDIS ENY-824/IN457. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/in457.

    Diaz, R., K. L. Hibbard, A. Roda, D. Amalin, A. Fox, S. Hight, J. Medal, P. A. Stansly and W. A. Overholt. 2012. Successful biological control of tropical soda apple in Florida. The Florida Cattleman. February 2012.

    Diaz, R., W. A. Overholt and V. Manrique. Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). In A. Shelton (ed.) Biological Control: A guide to natural enemies in North America. Available at: http://www.biocontrol.entomology.cornell.edu/weedfeed/Gratiana.html

    Diaz, R.,** W.A. Overholt, K. Gioeli, B. Sellers, and J. Medal. 2009. Biological control of tropical soda apple: A manual for the implementation of biological control as a tool for the management of tropical soda apple. UF/IFAS. 23 pp.

    Overholt, W.A., R. Diaz,** K. Hibbard, A. Roda, A. Fox, S. Hight, J. Medal, P. Stansly, B. Carlisle, J. Walter, P. Hogue, L. Gary, L. Wiggins, C. Kirby, and S. Crawford. 2009. Distribution and abundance of Gratiana boliviana, a biological control agent of tropical soda apple, in Florida. Florida Cattleman and Livestock Journal, September 2009.

    Overholt, W.A., J. Medal, K. Hibbard, and A. Roda. 2008. Biological control of tropical soda apple: A success in the making. Florida Cattleman and Livestock Journal 72: 19-21.

    Medal, J.C., W.A. Overholt, P. Stansly, A. Roda, L. Osborne, K. Hibbard, R. Gaskalla, E. Burns, J. Chong, B. Sellers, S.D. Hight, J.P. Cuda, M. Vitorino, E. Bredow, J. H. Pedrosa-Macedo, and C. Wikler. 2007. Establishment, spread and initial impacts of Gratiana boliviana (Chrysomelidae) on Solanum viarum in Florida. Pp. 589-593 in M.H. Julien, R. Sforza, M.C. Bon, H.C. Evans, P.E. Hatcher, H.L. Hinz, and B.G. Rector (Eds.), Proceedings of the Symposium of the International Organization of Biological Control, Merida, Mexico, November 11-15, 2007.



tropical soda apple

tropical soda apple

tropical soda apple fruit